Labour policy key to democratic and prosperous southern Africa

THE story of the United States of America is the story of its workers, whose enduring contributions we recognise annually on the first Monday of September.

Throughout our history, the American worker has laboured not only to erect buildings and cities but also to raise the standards of workers worldwide. 

Through protests and picket lines, by organising and raising their voices together, workers have won small and large victories that have pushed the US closer to ensuring safer and healthier workplaces for all. 

 The Biden-Harris Administration supports labour rights at home and abroad, including the freedom of association, the right to collective bargaining, the abolition of forced labour and child labour, acceptable conditions at work, and freedom from discrimination. 

The administration’s foreign policy promotes broad-based, equitable growth where all workers can work safely, assemble freely, and earn a fair wage. 

Labour policy is key to implementing our shared vision of a democratic and prosperous Southern Africa cantered on a growing middle class. And workers and trade unions are critical pillars to making this happen. The Biden-Harris Administration believes that unions across the southern African region play a significant role in addressing income inequality and creating a more equitable and democratic economy — key ingredients to establishing the cornerstones of middle-class security. 

When unionised workers are compared with their nonunionised counterparts, studies show that union wages are usually significantly higher. Union participation has also been shown to help address the gender pay gap: Hourly wages for women represented by unions are significantly higher than for non-unionised women.

The US bolsters workers’ rights across the region through technical assistance. In Lesotho, for example, the US Department of Labour’s Better Work project partnered with export apparel factories, trade unions, the government and others to boost factories’ compliance with labour law. For workers, this meant better compensation and improvements in contracts, occupational safety and health and work hours.

 Through its worker-cantered trade policy, the Biden-Harris Administration seeks to promote equitable growth and shared prosperity to all workers and communities in Africa. 

It also supports worker rights through US trade preference programmes, such as the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) programme.  

That is, for countries to remain eligible for the benefits of the AGOA and GSP programmes, they must meet criteria on internationally recognised worker rights. 

Through AGOA engagement, the US government has worked with the DRC government to prompt action tackling a variety of labour issues, including the recruitment and use of child soldiers, trafficking in persons, and capacity-building of the labour inspectorate.

 This contributed towards the DRC’s ultimate reinstatement into the AGOA preference programme in 2021, and the US Department of Labour will soon be launching a technical assistance project in the DRC to further support progress on international labour standards.  

African labourers form the backbone of the southern African economy and for far too long African women have worked in environments that failed to protect them from harassment and violence. 

They deserve a better economic present and future that is free of violence and harassment. We stand in solidarity with the many trade unions and worker associations in their call for action on this issue, taking into account the provisions of ILO Convention C. 190.

 As the US works with its African partners to stand up for workers, we are especially committed to protecting the most vulnerable workers, including child labourers. 

Every year the US Department of Labour issues its findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labour report, which highlights key child labour challenges in countries around the world, including our partners in southern Africa. 

The report also spotlights efforts these countries are undertaking to eliminate child labour through legal protections, enforcement, policies, and social programs and makes recommendations for further action. 

λThis is a joint op-ed co-authored by the U.S. Ambassadors and Chargé d’Affaires to Angola, Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Zimbabwe. 

Namibia, for one, saw significant advancement in the 2019 report, including its enactment of the Child Care and Protection Act.

 We also provide technical assistance to support our African partners in their efforts to combat child labour. In Zambia, for example, the US Department of Labour’s EMPOWER program provided entrepreneurship and leadership training to more than 1 400 adolescent girls at risk for child labour, many of whom went on to start their own businesses, generating income and avoiding child labor. And in Madagascar, the U.S. Department of Labour is providing funding to reduce child labour in mica-producing communities, including support to increase the capacity of government officials to address child labour in the mica supply chain. Additionally, partnerships between USAID Madagascar and US and local businesses in vanilla, cocoa, and aquaculture that are focused on improving livelihoods and conserving biodiversity, have clauses banning child labour and monitoring systems to ensure the ban is enforced throughout the supply chain.

 Our commitment to the world’s children stems from our belief that all children should have the opportunity to grow and learn and that economies are stronger when labour rights and human rights are protected. We recognize the important contributions governments, companies, unions, and civil society have made to eliminating all forms of child labour and look forward to strengthening our partnerships across the region to ensure that child labour is eradicated.

The US similarly protects additional vulnerable worker populations through the US Agency for International Development’s (USAID’s) Global Labour Program (GLP). In South Africa, for example, USAID through GLP supports farm workers, domestic workers, and migrant workers to overcome long-standing exclusion from core labour rights and protections, while building the capacity of committed representatives of these populations to become union leaders.

 Nowhere is the spirit of partnership between our countries stronger than in our joint efforts to combat Covid-19. Since the pandemic’s outbreak, the United States has worked hand-in-hand with health professionals across the region to prevent, detect, and respond to Covid-19. We’ve contributed approximately US$125 million in Covid-19 specific funding and have provided almost 11 million Covid-19 vaccine doses to the 12 countries where we serve as representatives of the United States , which has helped to ensure vulnerable workers are protected and can do their jobs safely. This is in addition to our US$4 billion contribution to Gavi in support of COVAX.

 Even in the United States we still have work to do. The dreams and goals of our current labour movement remain unfinished and unrealized by many. As much as we hope to impart, we also have even more to learn and gain from our partners. We understand that while workers across the region may share similar challenges, the African continent’s narrative is multidimensional and diverse. US engagement in the region is based on a shared hope and belief that the prosperity narrative led by African workers is one we can build together by building a partnership of equals. When African workers can work in greater prosperity, harmony, freedom, and dignity, the United States and the world is better off.

This is a joint op-ed co-authored by the U.S. Ambassadors and Chargé d’Affaires to Angola, Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Zimbabwe.